Monday, October 15, 2018

Casefile Report: Kate (Freed Slave)



         There were two types of slaves in the 1700’s a Field Slave and a House Slave. Katy was a house slave who was born in Orleans in about 1786. Her slave buyer Eugene Marchaud’s birth place was in California. The head of the household was Mark E. Colopy at the location 1430 West 59th St. Los Angeles, California. His daughter’s name was Margaret Marchaud. People who were enslaved by the Spanish developed a language of Spanish-based Creoles, called Papiamento Creole Spanish.The Estate number back then was 03-A-309-010-1818. Katy was sold on February 8,1819 to Eugene Marchaud and moved to a different plantation. Katy’s mother had three other daughters Katy-m , Polly-d, Sally-d and Henriette-d who were seperated and reside  on other plantations.Polly-d whom had gotten married on a plantation changed her name to Polly Crockett who filed a freedom suit in St.Louis, Missouri, which she won is 1843 when she was held illegally as a slave for extended period of time in the free State of Illinois The reason for Katy having two fingers on her left hand cut down (lame) is unknown. Many slave songs were popular in the 1700’s such as “Wade In The Water” and “Song Of The Free” those were the two most popular songs that the slaves had sung as stated in www.loc.gov. There were little database documented on slaves because people looked at them as if they were not human. Here is more background on slavery.
        Who first started slavery? As Cited on Slavehistory.com Slavery started In the 1619 The Dutch brought twenty Africans took off a Spanish ship in Jamestown, Virginia. Historians do not know for sure if the legal practice of slavery began there, since at least some of them had the status of indentured servant. Alden T. Vaughn says most agree that both Negro slaves and indentured servants existed by 1640. At the age of 12 children were expected to produce the same results as an adult. This could be found on history.com/slavery
           How many Slaves died during slavery? 10.5 million slaves arrived in America besides the ones who died and were thrown over throughout the Middle Passage. Many estimate that approximately 4 million died inside Africa capture and many more died young and old. How were the slaves captured ? Slaves were captured in battles or were kidnapped, though some were sold into slavery for debt or as punishment. The captives were marched to the coast, often enduring long journeys of weeks or even months, shackled to one another. This could be found at the link http://www.worldfuturefund.org/Reports/Slavedeathtoll/slaverydeathtoll.html
        How was slavery abolished? Slavery was abolished by the Thirteenth Amendment as an economic system slavery was replaced by sharecropping. In 1807 Britain was the first to pass the Abolition of Slave Trade Act outlawing British Atlantic slave trade. While the United States passed the legislation banning the slave trade, effective from start of 1808. In 1811 Spain abolished slavery, including in its colonies, though Cuba rejects ban and continues to deal in slaves. This could be found https://www.archives.gov/historical-docs/13th-amendment this contains a primary document of the 13th amendment to the U.S. constitution: Abolition of slavery letter.
        Slavery still exist till this day in most continents people are being enslaved mentally and physically. As Cited in a slave article I read  Slavery Is Everywhere. There are tens of millions of people trapped in various forms of slavery throughout the world today. Researchers estimate that 40 million are enslaved worldwide, generating $150 billion each year in profit for Sex Traffickers. 
          A Famous Slave By the name of Frederick Douglass gave a speech named  "What to the Slave Is the Fourth of July” that was delivered on July 5, 1852, in Corinthian Hall, Rochester, New York, addressing the Rochester Ladies' Anti-Slavery Society. Many people and slaves looked up to Frederick Douglass. Another famous slave I look up to the most is Harriet Tubman she founded the Underground Railroad and led many slaves to be free they were considered Runaway Slaves or Fugitive Slaves also known as runaway slaves were slaves who left their master and traveled without authorization; generally they tried to reach states or territories where slavery was banned, including Canada, or, until 1821, Spanish Florida. https://www.biography.com/people/frederick-douglass-9278324
         Although many of these have different links it all can be found on the website Shsulibraryguides.org