Monday, October 15, 2018

Casefile Report: Fabon (Freed Slave)




Fabon was a black male who was born around 1756, he was a 60 year old slave that was a high bid at auctions, the reason for that is that he acquired multiple skills. The skills were being a commander, wheelwright, carpenter, laborer, coach driver and also a plantation manager, he was worth $1,200. He became a free slave New Orleans, louisiana, on october 24th, 1816. He was freed by an mulatto woman from his master Jacques Enoul Livaudais, she was a freed slave herself named agathe, there were no relationship found between them but most likely she could of been his mother. I couldn’t find anymore information about the Fabon, the woman who freed him or his master at the time, so i started to research New orleans during the 1700s-1800s. Spain took control of the Louisiana territory in 1763 at the end of the Seven Years’ War. Spain ruled there until Napoleon reacquired control of Louisiana in 1800, but the city maintained significant elements of its French heritage. In 1803, under pressure to fund his empire, Napoleon sold Louisiana to the United States. New Orleans officially raised the flag of the United States in November 1803. Cotton was a possibility because of the big demand for it, especially in England. But the variety of cotton that grew well in most of the South was difficult to de-seed, also sugar was big in New Orleans, so slaves were in high demands. Eli Whitney’s “cotton engine,” or gin enabled a ten-fold savings of time to remove seeds and debris from lint. With cotton poised to boom, settlers from the Atlantic seaboard migrated to the lower Mississippi Valley,  along with the key transshipment port of New Orleans sugar production exploded in the state like never before.Born on December 8, 1765, in Westboro, Massachusetts, Eli Whitney studied at Yale before going on to invent the cotton gin, a device that highly streamlined the process of extracting fiber from cotton seeds. When Whitney demonstrated his new cotton gin to some colleagues, this device producing more cotton in an hour than what could be produced by multiple workers in a day. The reaction was immediate, local planters took to the widespread planting of green-seed cotton, immediately straining existing modes of production. The evaporator, invented by a Creole named Norbert Rillieux made sugar production incredibly efficient. So efficient in fact, that there was more sugar and rum than Louisiana knew what to do with. However, the real culprit in the growth of Louisiana sugar was the use of slaves, which were forced to work in appalling conditions that some scholars consider the worst in United States history. Norbert Rillieux was born in New Orleans, Louisiana. His mother had been a slave and his father was a wealthy white sugar plantation owner. He was an African-American inventor and engineer who invented a device that revolutionized sugar processing. Rillieux multiple effect vacuum sugar evaporator made the processing of sugar more efficient, faster, and much safer. The resulting sugar was also superior. His apparatus was eventually adopted by sugar processing plants all around the world. After the prohibition of the Atlantic slave trade in 1807, many came from the Upper South of the USA through the slave trade and thousands were smuggled from Africa and the Caribbean through the illegal slave trade. In 1860 there were 331,726 slaves and 18,647 free people of color in Louisiana including 8,776 slaves on the German Coast.“When this 1808 law passes, you start seeing this stream, and then outpouring, of people being forcibly moved from the upper to the lower South” explains Greenwald. “And New Orleans becomes the nexus of that trade. It’s the largest slave market in America during the antebellum period”.“You have 110 people on a ship coming from Baltimore whose lives are forever changed. And then consider all of the people related to those 110 who were left behind. The slave trade caught a lot of people up in its web and that web destroyed tens of thousands of people's lives and communities.”recorded in 1718 “ Village of the Chapitoulas” aka “The river people” lived in New Orleans. Cited in “la village des Chapitoulas” by Shannon Lee Dawdy, The native americans labor helped build the city. Behind St.Louis Cathedral, archaeologists discovered huts, hand-built pottery, smoking pipes, trade beads and stone hide underground layers scattered throughout modern day New Orleans. Many have debated the cultural origins of the Mardi Gras Indians, who were Indians that had parades throughout New Orleans. They would named there parades from a “krewe”, the name would come from a Roman or Greek mythological God or hero, on;y members were invited. Few in the ghetto felt they could ever participate in the New Orleans parade. slavery and racism were at the root of this cultural separation. The black neighborhoods in New Orleans eventually developed their own style of celebrating Mardi Gras. Their “krewes” are named for imaginary Indian tribes according to the streets of their ward or gang.The Mardi Gras Indians named themselves after native Indians to pay them respect for their assistance in escaping the tyranny of slavery. It was often local Indians who accepted slaves into their society when they made a break for freedom. They have never forgotten this support. During the 19th century, New Orleans became the United States’ wealthiest and third-largest city. Its port shipped the produce of much of the nation’s interior to the Caribbean, South America and Europe. Thousands of slaves were sold in its markets, but it's free black community thrived. Until 1830, the majority of its residents still spoke French.
At the start of the Civil War, New Orleans was the largest city in the Confederacy, but it was only a year until Union troops, having captured its downriver defenses, took the city unopposed. During the Reconstruction era race became a potent political force, as emancipated slaves and free people of color were brought into the political process and, with the 1870s rise of the White League and the Ku Klux Klan, forced back out of it. Although the rise of railroads made shipping on the Mississippi less essential than it had been, New Orleans remained a powerful and influential port, stated by editors on history.com.

My research i found what occurred during the 19th century. I couldn't find exactly what i was looking for about Fabon, so i branched off and started to talk about what was happening during the time he was alive in new orlean. About slavery which he was apart of and the Natives that were there that aid in New Orleans culture today.